70% Hydration Pizza Dough Recipe – No More Dry Crust

Preparation Time: 20 minutesCooking Time: 10 minutes

Quick Summary: This 70% hydration pizza dough recipe will give you a soft and elastic dough that's perfect for baking in a home oven. Higher hydration pizza doughs such as this one will bake into a fluffy crust that's crispy on the outside and soft in the middle. Use this pizza dough recipe for any style of pizza you plan on making.


The higher the hydration of your pizza dough, the more light and fluffy the pizza crust will turn out. This is something I’ve learned over 15 years of making pizza dough at home.

This pizza dough recipe has a 70% hydration level, which is quite high. Many commercial pizza doughs have a hydration level of only around 55%. That’s fine if you’re using a high-powered or wood-fired oven, but for the home oven you want something with a lot more moisture. This is because the longer the pizza dough cooks in the oven, the more dry the pizza crust will be. We can counter this effect by using a pizza dough with lots of hydration.

I find that 70% hydration is kind of sweet spot that gets you all the benefits of a high hydration dough but isn’t so wet that you can’t handle the dough relatively easily.

Note: This recipe is designed for use with high-quality 00 flour for the best results. For a list of my favorite flours and other ingredients, click here. For an in-depth explanation of why 00 flour is better, read my analysis here.

This recipe is perfect for anyone willing to work with a slightly wetter pizza dough.

Tip: Take this recipe to the next level with an Ooni outdoor pizza ovenOpens in a new tab., or read my review of all 6 Ooni pizza ovens.

Timing – When Will The Pizza Dough Be Ready?

When this pizza dough will be ready to use depends on what method you choose. I’m going to provide 2 methods here – traditional and no-knead.

No-Knead Method

No-knead is my preferred method for making pizza dough unless I’ve decided to make pizza at the last minute. With a no-knead method, you mix the ingredients together but instead of kneading it for 15-20 minutes, you simply let it sit for 11-18 hours (depending on the temperature of your room). You then divide the dough up into balls, give it a final proof, then use it.

The benefit of a no-knead method is the extra fermentation that occurs, leaving you with a tastier crust. You also don’t have to worry about getting your hands messy or worry about dealing with a sticky dough.

Ideally, if you have time, you can put the dough straight into the fridge for another 24 hours of cold fermentation.

Traditional Method (optional)

The traditional method isn’t much different to the one above, just quicker and messier.

You start by mixing the ingredients together in a bowl then kneading the wet dough ball on a floured countertop for about 10 minutes. When the dough is silky and smooth, place it back in a covered container for 2 hours or until it increases in size. How fast and how much the dough expands will depend on the potency of your yeast and the temperature of your kitchen.

When the dough has risen, divide it up into individual pizza dough balls. This recipe will create one (1) 500 gram batch of pizza dough which you can divide in half for two (2) 250 gram balls. I find 250 grams is perfect for most styles of pizza and fits easily into most home ovens. But feel free to change the math on the recipe to make bigger or smaller dough balls.

Related: What Hydration Level Should Pizza Dough Be?

Preparing The Pizza Dough: Step By Step

1. Measure the water, yeast and honey together in a bowl.

2. Measure the flour and salt in another bowl.

3. Slowly incorporate the dry ingredients into the water mixture a few spoonfuls at a time. When you’ve mixed half of the dry ingredients, add a few glugs of olive oil and mix it in thoroughly. Continue mixing in the dry ingredients until it’s fully incorporated.

4. When you’re done, you should be left with a shaggy, sticky ball of dough. Cover it up and let it sit for about 10 minutes.

5. Ten (10) minutes later, give the dough another quick mixing. You will find the dough is much smoother and doesn’t stick to the spatula as much.

6. Cover the dough back up and leave it for 11-18 hours, depending on the temperature of your house, for a no-knead rise. When it’s ready, it will have increased substantially in volume and be bubbling over. If it overflows your mixing bowl, you probably used too much yeast.

7 (optional). Alternatively, if you want to use the dough tonight, you can knead the dough by hand for 10-15 minutes, or until it’s silky smooth. It often helps to knead the dough for 5 minutes, cover it up, wait 10 minutes, then knead for 5 more minutes. Repeat this process as necessary. Let it rise for 1-2 hours then ball it up for final proofing.

Tip: This pizza dough is extremely wet and will be difficult to knead by hand. This is why I prefer the no-knead method of letting the dough sit overnight. If you do knead by hand, be sure to lightly oil your hands, or use a dough scraper to stretch and fold the dough onto itself. Be sparing with table flour as well or it will absorb and dehydrate the dough.

When the dough is ready, give it another quick 1-2 minute mix with a spatula (or your hand), then weigh it and divide it up into two 250 gram pieces. Tightly roll each piece into a tight ball with a smooth, taught skin. This part seems trivial but it’s crucial and really affects the quality of the baked crust. If you need help with this, check out the video demonstration below.

From here you can follow your own recipe. Looking for some ideas?

These beautiful slices were made using this dough recipe and my Roman style “pizza al taglio” recipe.
This is a great little demonstration on making proper dough balls.

Need quality ingredients? Check out my pizza making buyer’s guide.

70% Hydration Pizza Dough Recipe

Ingredients

  • 289 grams 00 flour (all purpose works fine) (2.3 cups)
  • 203ml lukewarm water (0.85 cups)
  • 9 grams salt (1/2 tablespoon)
  • 1/4 teaspoon (heaping) active dry yeast (or 3/4 teaspoon if using the dough on the same day)
  • 2-3 glugs extra virgin olive oil (eyeball it, but not too much)
  • 1 spoonful of honey

Instructions

  1. Measure out water and yeast into mixing bowl. Mix well.
  2. Add a spoonful of honey to water and mix well.
  3. Set mixing bowl to let the yeast activate and get another bowl to measure the dry ingredients.
  4. Measure 00 flour and salt and mix well.
  5. Slowly start to incorporate the flour/salt mixture into the water/yeast/honey solution. Start by adding a few spoonfuls of dry ingredients at a time and mix it thoroughly using a stiff spatula or wooden spoon. It might be slower this way but it ensures that the flour is fully hydrated into the water.
  6. When you're halfway through the dry ingredients, add a few glugs of olive oil and mix it in well. Continue adding dry ingredients until everything is mixed together.
  7. When all the ingredients are incorpoirated, you should be left with a very wet and sticky ball of shaggy dough. Cover the bowl up and let it sit for 10 minutes.
  8. With your spatula, mix the dough ball around again. You should notice the texture of the dough is now much smoother than before with less dough sticking to the spatula.
  9. No-knead method: Cover the dough or transport it to a plastic container and let it sit at room temperature over night.
  10. Traditional method: Give the dough a quick 10 -15 minute (max) knead then cover it up and let it rise for 1-3 hours, or until it's approximately doubled in size. The time will vary depending on the temperature of your room
  11. For either method, give the dough a final quick knead (1-2 minutes), then weigh and divide the dough up into tightly rolled individual dough balls. This step is crucial and will have a big impact on your finished product. Check the video above for visual instructions on how to do this.
  12. Place the dough ball into a lightly floured container and cover it up tightly. Let the ball proof for 1-2 hours before using it to make pizza.
  13. Alternatively, place the floured container with the dough ball in the fridge for up to 3 days. When you're ready to use it, make sure to give it 2-3 hours to reach room temperature before using it. If you live in a warm climate, this might take a lot less time.

Domenic

Hi, I'm Domenic, the founder of this website. I've been making pizza at home for over 15 years in regular home ovens and domestic outdoor pizza ovens. My goal is to share that information and experience with you.

22 thoughts on “70% Hydration Pizza Dough Recipe – No More Dry Crust

    1. Hi, Charlie. Good question.

      You can absolutely double the ingredient amounts to yield four doughballs instead of two. Just make sure you let the dough rest in a big enough container so that it doesn’t overflow when it rises.

      Happy baking!

  1. Mine turned into a dough that was way too wet to work with. I tried to make it for use same day, so I used 70% method and mixed in a KitchenAid. Tried to use the dough about about 6-7 hours later. The dough didn’t rise up to form a firm dough, but expanded outward from side to side like a flat bubbly blob. Where am I going wrong? I think using flour to form balls would reduce hydration.

    1. Hey JPax,

      Working with high hydration pizza dough can be a bit of a challenge if you’re not used to it. To work with this kind of dough it helps to use an ample amount of flour when shaping it.

      After you’ve formed the balls and let them proof, transfer the ball onto a large pile or bowl of semolina flour. Coat the ball thoroughly and if it’s relaxed enough you should be able to work it into a disk without it sticking. Use more semolina flour as necessary.

      As long as you use the flour to coat the dough and don’t actually kneed it back in, it shouldn’t dehydrate much if at all. This is especially true if you use semolina instead of regular flour.

      Otherwise, I’d look into using a stronger flour and see if that helps. And you can always bump the recipe down to 60% hydration if you find 70% is too much to handle.

  2. Just a quick note, you left out the 10-15 minutes of kneading in the actual recipe for the “traditional” method. This is fine for people who actually read the whole page, but people who skip to the recipe or download it with an app will be missing this step.

    1. Hi James. Thanks for letting me know!

      The extra kneading actually isn’t strictly necessary as long as it’s well mixed and allowed to rest, but for the sake of consistency I’ve added it back in. Cheers!

  3. What is a few glugs of Olive oil. How much olive oil is that roughly? Also the dough you said weights 250 grams. What size pizza does that make? Thanks

    1. Hi Monique!

      The olive oil is a pretty flexible part of the recipe, which is why I left it kind of vague. Basically, the more oil you add to your dough the softer it will be to work with. Some pizza dough has a lot of oil and other pizza dough has none.

      I recommend adding 1-2 tablespoons for each 500g batch of dough. Feel free to experiment, however, as your results will most likely vary.

      As for size, a 250g dough ball should be enough for an 11-12 inch pizza. You can make it thinner for a larger pizza but I think 11-12 inches is the perfect balance between the diameter and the thickness of the crust.

      Cheers!

    1. If you’re using a pizza stone, I recommend baking your pizza at the maximum temperature. As for timing, it can take anywhere between 5 and 10 minutes depending on your oven and personal tastes. Keep an eye on the pizza and take it out when the cheese is gently bubbling and the bottom crust is a light golden brown color.

  4. My home is quite warm so is it ok to (during the first rise) leave it on the counter during the day and then put it in the fridge overnight using the no-knead method?

    1. Hi S, thanks for the question.

      If your house is extra warm, it shouldn’t be any problem at all to put the dough in the fridge overnight during the first rise.

      You might also want to experiment with using less yeast since it will be more active in the high heat of your home.

      Alternatively, you could look for an extra cool spot in your home such as a closet or the back of a shelf.

      Either way, keep experimenting and good luck!

  5. Hi just tried this dough and it was great! Just wondering if it’s ok to leave the dough balls in the fridge for a couple days before use.
    Thanks!

    1. Hi, Tommas. Absolutely! The extra fermentation will only make the dough balls better. But remember, gluten relaxes over time so the balls will be extra soft and weak after a few days. My advice is to reform the balls several hours before using them and letting them proof again at room temperature. Good luck!

  6. Oh wow, just the best pizza dough I’ve made! I’ve only made one or two high hydration doughs before, both for loaves. This time it was pizza and, although tricky to work with, I used plenty of flour to prevent sticking and it bubbled up beautifully and the crusts we’re stunningly chewy and tasty. Thank you so so much, it’s going to be my go to pizza dough from now on!

  7. Hey Dominec,

    Thanks for all this great info – super clear and helpful.

    I had a question – I’ve been practicing this recipe about 5 or 6 times now and I have really mixed results on whether the dough ends up fluffy or dense.

    Do you have any ideas or pointers on what I’m messing up? I’m going to be the family hero if I can get consistent fluffy crust.

    Thanks,
    Joe

    1. Hi Joe.

      Thanks for the comment, and I’m glad to see your commitment to nailing down the process. Following a pizza dough recipe is easy, but mastering it takes time.

      Assuming you’ve followed the recipe correctly, my guess is the problem is somewhere in the dough prep phase… either when balling the dough or shaping it into a disk.

      First, make sure you’re balling the dough correctly. You can find some tutorials on Youtube (the process isn’t specific to pizza dough) if it helps to watch someone do it. If the dough is coming out of the fridge, ball it up and let it proof until it reaches room temperature. The idea is for the dough to be completely relaxed but not flaccid and over-proofed. A properly shaped dough ball is absolutely crucial to get the best results, so don’t overlook it.

      When it comes time to shaping, you want to touch the dough as little possible, which is why it’s so important to give it time to relax first. The more you work with the dough, the more you disrupt the gluten structure and the less fluffy it will be after it cooks. Dust with semolina flour liberally to prevent sticking, but avoid dusting too much on top or you risk affecting the taste. Start from the middle and gently press the air to the edges of the dough. You can also hang the dough on your fists (carefully) to stretch it out a bit, or try the “Neapolitan slap” technique, but avoid making it too thin or it will lose its fluffy texture.

      If the dough ball is relaxed enough (but not too much), it should more or less shape itself with just a little bit of pressing and stretching on your part. If it constantly snaps back into a ball like an elastic, it’s not ready yet.

      Last but not least, make sure your pizza stone is as hot as possible before baking. You want the dough to spring up the instant it hits the stone or it can wind up flat and dense.

      Hope that helps. Any other specific questions, just let me know and I’ll do my best to help. Shaping dough is simple to do but not easy to learn, so keep at it. Good luck!

      -Dom

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